How Well is Penang Complying with the SDGs?

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Last updated in 2014, Malaysia’s poverty line refers to households with a monthly income of less than or equal to RM940 for Peninsular Malaysia; RM1,160 for Sabah and Labuan; and RM1,040 for Sarawak.1 Penang, however, has set its own state poverty line at RM790.2 With the primary objective of eliminating hardcore poverty, the state introduced the Agenda Ekonomi Saksama (AES) programme in 2009 to provide financial aid to households earning an income below the state poverty line.


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