In A Short Account of the Settlement, Produce, and Commerce, of Prince of Wales Island, in the Straits of Malacca, written by Sir George Leith, 2nd Baronet (1766-January 25, 1842), and published in London in 1804 are some interesting notes about the importance of pepper to the newly founded colony (see pp. 49-50). Sir George was the first Lieutenant-Governor of Prince of Wales Island (1800-1803), and it was he who successfully negotiated with the Sultan of Kedah for the cession of a strip of land on the mainland – which was immediately renamed Province Wellesley after the Governor-General of India, Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley. The Prince of Wales Island and Province Wellesley, now formed the Settlement of Penang.
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