Two centuries ago, attracted by its bustling free port, scores of German merchants sought new ventures in Penang.
Their presence was further fortified when the German international shipping line, Norddeutscher Lloyd (today’s Hapag Lloyd), began making regular stops at Penang. A link was thus established with the German seaports in the nineteenth century, encouraging more German entrepreneurs, photographers, missionaries and even famous writers like Nobel Prize winner Hermann Hesse and the adventure novelist Karl May to set sail for Penang in search of inspiration.
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