The State of Malaysia’s Public Health

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The number of health facilities in Malaysia has not kept up with the pace of population growth (Figure 1). The ratio of public hospitals to 100,000 population dropped from 0.53 in 2006 to 0.48 in 2016, while the bed-to-100,000 population ratio has barely improved, dropping slightly from 145.5 in 2006 to 144.4 in 2016.

Looking at the growth rate of the indicators of both public health demand and supply from 2011 to 2016, it can be deduced that the supply of physical facilities has not caught up with the demand (Figure 6), while the health workforce is trying to match the rising demand to spread out workload burden.

If the government does not manage to slow down the demand for public healthcare services, i.e. reduce the incidents of communicable and non-communicable diseases, then it has no choice but to allocate appropriate resources, both financial and human resources, to cater to needs.


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